When developing a new website your programmer should be using the latest tips and tricks for accessibility. Websites should be easy to use and navigation should be easy to read using screen readers or other reading devices. Here are some of the top tips to keep your website accessible and user friendly:
- Title and alt tags that make sense
Make sure that when you are describing your images in the content that you use good descriptions of the pictures and not just single words that don’t mean anything. Also make sure to title links whenever possible.
- Heading Tags make sense and are in the proper order
When adding heading tags <h1> <h2> <h3> etc… make sure they are in the proper order and that the text that is within the tag makes sense to the reader.
- Place the important navigation and interactive elements at the top of the website
Users do not want to have to keep tabbing through content to get to the important navigation on the website. There should be little to no content before the navigation links and logo on the website.
- Keep your <title> tags meaningful
Make sure to name your pages well so that the user knows exactly what the page content will be about before they start reading the page with their screen reader. The <title> tag is the first thing the screen reader software will read out.
- Use valid CSS and HTML
Make sure that your css and html are valid, this is a good practice no matter what website you are developing but helps even more for accessibility.
- Experiment using the keyboard only or a screen reading to navigation the site
Try using the tab button only or a screen reading software on the website, this is great way to see how smoothly the user will flow through the website.
A great link to read more all of the rules and regulations of website accessibility.